I am currently reading the new book ” Sex at Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality” which is a book on Evolutionary Psychology, which for me, is a really fascinating topic. I think I have the table copied over correctly. It is a great book so far.
This table occurs in Chapter 3 and I found it really, really interesting and I thought I would share it with you. I found it especially interesting since chips and bonobos are our closest genetic relatives, differing by about 1.6%. It is amazing how diverse the primates’ mating patterns are.
Table 1: Â Social Organization Among Apes
Egalitarian and peaceful, bonobo communities are maintained primarilyÂ through social bonding between females, although females bond withÂ males as well. Male status derives from the mother. Bonds between sonÂ and mother are lifelong. Multimale-multifemale mating.
The bonds between males are strongest and lead to constantly shifting male coalitions.Â Â Females move through overlapping ranges within territory patrolled by males, but don’t form strong bonds with other females or any particular male. Multimale-multifemale mating
Gibbons establish nuclear family units; each couple maintains a territoryÂ from which other pairs are excluded. Mating is monogamous. mating.
Generally, a single dominant male (the so-called Â·Silverback”) occupiesÂ a range for his family unit composed of several females and young.Â Adolescent males are forced out of the group as they reach sexualÂ maturity. Strongest social bonds are between the male and adultÂ females. Polygynous mating.
By far the most diverse social species among the primates, there isÂ plentiful evidence of all types of socio-sexual bonding, cooperation, andÂ competition among contemporary humans. Multimale-multifemale
Orangutans are solitary and show little bonding of any kind. MaleÂ orangutans do not tolerate each other’s presence. An adultÂ male Â establishes a large territory where several females live. Each has herÂ own range. Mating is dispersed, infrequent and often violent.